Mary F. Calvert
"POLIO'S LINE IN THE SAND"
Overruling the protests of a mother, right, who had refused the polio vaccine for her children; Josephine Kamara, the UNICEF officer in charge of social mobilization for the polio vaccine campaign, left, in black, vaccinates five children against polio. A vaccinator in the middle waits with sweets to give children who take the polio vaccine. Polio vaccinators fanned out across the Fagge Government Area, in Ward Kwciri, looking for children under the age of five on day one of the Immunization Plus Day, (IPD) sponsored by UNICEF around Kano, Nigeria. Religious zealotry and misinformation have coerced villagers in the Muslim north of Nigeria into refusing polio vaccinations and led to the reemergence of polio only a few years after it nearly joined smallpox on the IDC‚Äôs list of eradicated diseases.